When a person is first arrested on criminal charges, his or her case is usually assigned to the District Court. The District Courts have the authority (jurisdiction) to decide misdemeanor cases and to conduct preliminary hearings on felony cases.
However, if the prosecuting attorney believes there is a strong case against a criminal defendant, the prosecuting attorney may bypass the preliminary hearing and file the charges directly in Circuit Court. That is what is known as direct filing. The document the prosecutor files is called an Information. That way, the prosecuting attorney can avoid presenting his case before filing it in Circuit Court.
If the prosecutor believes the case against the suspect is strong, it is very common for the charges to be filed directly in Circuit Court.
If your case has been assigned to Circuit Court, you definitely need an experienced criminal defense lawyer. If you need legal help with criminal charges in Central Arkansas, call me at 501-604-4525 or e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss your case.